University of Iowa, Pain Management Resources

The following resources are examples of Evidence-Based Practice Guidelines related to pain management. The guidelines are useful tools for a variety of settings seeking to optimize geriatric pain care. They can be purchased for $20 and downloaded as a PDF from

Acute Pain Management in the Older Adult

Helps providers manage acute pain in elderly patients. Outcomes of effective management include reduced pain levels, minimization or elimination of complications of pain treatment, and increased patient satisfaction with pain management. Includes guides for baseline pain assessment, patient/family education, acute pain monitoring, and pharmacological and nonpharmacological treatments. Written 1997; Revised 2000; 2003; 2006; 2016.

Persistent Pain Management

Assists nurses and other health care providers in the management of persistent pain in older adults through assessment and treatment strategies. Assessment tools include the Brief Pain Inventory, Verbal Numeric Rating Scale, and the Faces Pain Scale. Discusses pain management strategies, both non-pharmacological and pharmacologic and includes an algorithm for assessing pain in the cognitively impaired older adult. Written 2005; Revised 2015.